Clay Shooting Disciplines

The following are the most common clay target disciplines;
Down The Line (DTL); Olympic Trap (OT);  Automatic Ball Trap (ABT);  National Skeet (NSK/SK);  Olympic Skeet (OS);  Helice (ZZ); National Sporting (NSP/SP); and F.I.T.A.S.C.

The origins of Clay Target (Pigeon) Shooting are explained in the "History" section of this site. Here we describe the disciplines that are most popular with Competition and Leisure competitors. Further information and the individual rules of each discipline please refer to "Rules and Regulations   -   ICTSCRule Book"

Down the Line (DTL);
This is the most popular clay shooting discipline in Scotland. Targets are thrown to a distance of 45 to 50 metres at a fixed height of approximately 2.75m and with a horizontal 'spread' of up to 22 degrees either side of the centre line. Each competitor shoots at a single target in turn, but without moving from the stand until they have shot five targets. Then they all move one place to the right, and continue to do so until they have all completed a standard round of 25 targets. Scoring of each target is 3 points for a first barrel kill, 2 points for a second barrel kill and 0 for a miss (maximum 75 points per round). Variations of this discipline are: Single Barrel, Double Rise and Handicap-by-Distance. Possibly the most popular entry level discipline and competitors often go on to the most exacting discipline of Olympic Trap.
To view a typical DTL layout click here

Olympic Trap (OT);
As its name indicates, this is one of the disciplines which forms part of the shooting programme at the Olympic Games. A trench in front of the shooting stands conceals 15 traps arranged in 5 groups of 3. Shooters take turns to shoot at a target each, before moving in a clockwise direction to the next stand in the line. Targets for each shooter are thrown immediately upon his call and are randomly selected from any one of the three traps directly in front of him/her. Olympic Trap targets are set to travel 75 +/- one metre at varying elevations and with a maximum horizontal angle of 45 degrees either side of the centre line. Scoring is done of the basis of 1 point per target killed, regardless of whether this is achieved with the first or second barrel.

Automatic Ball Trap (ABT);
A simpler and cheaper to install variation of Olympic Trap where only one trap is used and target variation is obtained by the continuous oscillation of the trap in both horizontal and vertical directions in order to give the same spread of targets as in Olympic Trap. Similarly, the targets are also thrown to a maximum of 70-75 metres.
To view a typical ABT layout click here

National Skeet (NSK/SK);
In this discipline a standard round of 25 targets are shot from 7 stations in a semicircle.
At the ends of the semicircle are the High and Low trap houses from which targets are released on a fixed trajectory and within defined limits. A set combination of singles and doubles are shot from each station and scored on the basis of 1 point per target hit.
The gun position is optional (i.e. either pre-mounted or out of the shoulder (gun down) when the target is called) and the targets are released immediately upon the shooter's call. Competitions consist of shooting 100 targets over 4 rounds.
To view a typical NSK layout click here

Olympic Skeet (OS);
The targets travel at a considerably faster speed than National Skeet, and the release of the target can be delayed up to 3 seconds after calling and the gun-down position is compulsory. There is also an eighth shooting station, midway between the two houses.

Helice (ZZ);
A different form of flying target competition, which cannot be called clay shooting as the targets are made of plastic! It is designed specifically to simulate as closely as possible the old sport of live pigeon shooting which was made illegal in this country more than 70 years ago. It is great fun to shoot, but can also be a very competitive sport with World and European Championships being held on the continent every year.

National Sporting (NSP/SP);
This discipline can have an almost infinite variety of 'stands'. A course or competition will feature a given number of stands (a minimum of 10 in the case of registered shoots) each of which has a predetermined number of targets, all travelling along the same path and speed, either as singles or report pairs (one target released then second target released on the report of the first shot) or simultaneous pairs (two targets released at the same time) or following pairs ( two targets released from the same trap one after the other)
The flight of the targets should try to simulate game quarry e.g. Driven Pheasant, Springing Teal, Crossing Pigeon, Bolting Rabbit etc. and include an assortment of clays, standard, midi, mini, battue etc.

International FITASC Sporting gives a much greater variety of targets in terms of trajectory and speed, and is shot by squads of six competitors in rounds of 25 targets at a time. There are also other formats such as Compak Sporting. Which as its name suggests can be fitted in to a small area such as a Skeet Range. The shooting positions are five cages in a line and a “menu” is shot which typically will include a variety of single targets, report pairs and simultaneous pairs, five targets per cage making a round of twenty five targets.